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Contribution du quark étrange à la structure électromagnétique du nucléon : Les premiers résultats de l'expérience G0

Abstract : In the framework of the Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD), the nucleon is described as being composed of three valence quarks surrounded by a sea of virtual quark-antiquark pairs and gluons. If the role of this virtual sea in the nucleon properties is inferred to be important, this contribution is still poorly understood. In this context, we study the role of the strange quarks in the nucleon since this is the lightest quark flavor of the sea with no valence contribution. We are determining its contribution to the charge and magnetization distributions in the nucleon via parity violation experiments. The measurement is performed by elastically scattering polarized electrons from nucleon target. A world wide program in which the G0 experiment takes place is being performed since a decade. The G0 experiment and the analysis of the results from its forward angles phase are the topics of this thesis.

This document presents the physics case of the strangeness content of the nucleon (mass, spin, impulsion). It describes also the formalism related to the electroweak probe and the form factors, and then the principle of parity violating asymmetry measurement. The G0 experimental setup, which was built and installed in the Hall C of the Jefferson Laboratory (Newport-News, USA), is detailed. This set-up was designed for the measurement of asymmetries of the order of 10-6 with an overall relative uncertainty better than 10%, over a momentum transfer range 0.1-1 (GeV/c)2. The various steps of the data analysis are exposed. They allow to start from measured counting rates to reach parity violating physics asymmetries. This required a careful treatment of the various sources of systematical errors which is discussed extensively. Finally the results from the G0 forward angle measurement, its comparison with others experiments and with theoretical models, are presented. They support a non null strange quark contribution.
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Contributor : Benoit Guillon <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, December 5, 2007 - 3:20:51 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, November 19, 2020 - 12:58:54 PM
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Benoit Guillon. Contribution du quark étrange à la structure électromagnétique du nucléon : Les premiers résultats de l'expérience G0. Physique des Hautes Energies - Expérience [hep-ex]. Université Joseph-Fourier - Grenoble I, 2005. Français. ⟨tel-00011276⟩

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