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Transformation de documents structurés, une combinaison des approches explicite et automatique

Stéphane Bonhomme 1
1 OPERA - Tools for Electronic Documents, Research and applications
Inria Grenoble - Rhône-Alpes, CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique
Abstract : The work presented in this thesis deals with the transformation of structured documents. A structured document is a collection of typed elements, organized by a set of logical relations defining a hierarchical structure. These relations are defined by context-free grammars describing classes of documents. The use of structured documents makes it possible to partly automate the document processing. It also helps to improve their portability thanks to a common syntax provided by the SGML and XML standards. Applications using this representation however have limitations due to constraints involved by document structuration. The objective of this work is to compensate these limits with transformation techniques. These techniques aim at modifying the structure of a set of typed elements in order to adapt it to other types or to a new class of documents. This thesis is composed of three parts: 1. A study of document processing applications in which the needs of transform- ation are identified, more particularly in the field of interactive editing. 2. An evaluation of existing techniques and tools resulting in a classificatio- n of approaches: filters, explicit or automatic transformations. Each class is presented through a theoretical study, a tour of available systems and an experiment. 3. A proposal for a transformation method that combines these techniques to take advantage of their strength and fight their weaknesses. This method relies on a transformation algorithm parameterized by explicit pre-couples. This work has led to the development of transformation systems now integrated in the authoring tools of the Opéra project (Thot, Byzance) and the W3C consortium (Amaya).
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Stéphane Bonhomme. Transformation de documents structurés, une combinaison des approches explicite et automatique. Autre [cs.OH]. Université Joseph-Fourier - Grenoble I, 1998. Français. ⟨tel-00010471⟩

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