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Endommagement des roches argileuses et perméabilité induite au voisinage d'ouvrages souterrains

Abstract : The storage of nuclear waste in deep geological formations is now considered more and more as a potential solution. During excavation, a disturbed zone develops in which damaging can be important and which can lead eventually to the failure of the rock. Fluid flow and permeability in the rock mass can be significantly modified producing a possible security risk. Our work consisted in an experimental study of the hydromechanical coupling of two argillaceous rocks: Boom clay (Mol, Belgium) and Opalinus clay (Mont-Terri, Switzerland). Triaxial tests were performed in a saturated state to study the permeability evolution of both clays with isotropic and deviatoric stresses. Argillaceous rocks are geomaterials with complex behaviour governed by numerous coupled processes. Strong physico-chemical interactions between the fluid and the solid particles and their very low permeability required the modification of the experimental set up. Moreover, specific procedures were developed to measure permeability and to detect strain localisation in shear bands. We show that for Boom Clay, permeability is not significantly influenced by strain localisation. For Opalinus clay, fracturing can induce an increase of the permeability at low confining pressure.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00010093
Contributor : Cécile Coll <>
Submitted on : Monday, September 19, 2005 - 10:59:07 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, November 19, 2020 - 3:54:38 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Monday, September 20, 2010 - 1:08:00 PM

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  • HAL Id : tel-00010093, version 2

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UJF | CNRS | 3S-R | UGA

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Cécile Coll. Endommagement des roches argileuses et perméabilité induite au voisinage d'ouvrages souterrains. Sciences de l'ingénieur [physics]. Université Joseph-Fourier - Grenoble I, 2005. Français. ⟨tel-00010093v2⟩

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