Estimation par maximum de vraisemblance dans des problèmes inverses non linéaires

Abstract : This thesis deals with maximum likelihood estimation in inverse problems. In the tree first chapters, we consider statistical models involving missing data in a parametric framework. Chapter 1 presents a version of the EM algorithm (Expectation Maximization), which combines a stochastic approximation with a Monte Carlo Markov Chain method: the missing data are drawn from a well-chosen transition probability. The almost sure convergence of the sequence generated by the algorithm to a local maximum of the likelihood of the observations is proved. Some applications to deconvolution and change-point detection are presented. Chapter 2 deals with the application of the algorithm to nonlinear mixed effects models. Besides the estimation of the parameters, we estimate the likelihood of the model and the Fisher information matrix. We assess the performance of the algorithm, comparing the results obtained with other methods, on examples coming from pharmacocinetics and pharmacodynamics. Chapter 3 presents an application to geophysics. We perform a joint inversion between teleseismic times and velocity and between gravimetric data and density. Our point of view is innovative because we estimate the parameters of the model which were generally fixed arbitrarily. Moreover we take into account a linear relation between slowness and density. Chapter 4 deals with non parametric density estimation in missing data problems. We propose a logspline estimator of the density of the non observed data, which maximizes the observed likelihood in a logspline model. We apply our algorithm in this parametric model. We study the convergence of this estimator to the density of the non observed data, when the size of the logpline model and the number of observations tend to infinity. Some applications illustrate this method.
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Contributor : Estelle Kuhn <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, February 1, 2005 - 2:54:41 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, May 7, 2019 - 6:30:09 PM
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Estelle Kuhn. Estimation par maximum de vraisemblance dans des problèmes inverses non linéaires. Mathématiques [math]. Université Paris Sud - Paris XI, 2003. Français. ⟨tel-00008316⟩

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