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Modélisation et gestion des contraintes pour un problème d'optimisation sur-contraint : Application à l'aide à la décision pour la gestion du risque de ruissellement

Abstract : Works presented in this thesis deal with the problem of constraints modelling and the system-users interaction to solve complex and over-constrained problems. The satisfaction of decision-maker's constraints constitutes a fundamental element in any decision process and constrains the margin of the system and the quality of solution that can be offered. However, it seems that this aspect received few propositions and lacks of modelling and generic treatment. The interest is often carried on the gait and the techniques of resolution rather than the modelling of the problem and it becomes necessary to pay more attention to fill this need of modelling. In this orientation, we propose a new interactive gait of progression in the resolution of the constraint satisfaction and optimisation problems, notably while integrating the decision-makers in the definition of their constraints and in making a final decision in order to help them to decide instead of deciding at their place. The developed approach was applied for the optimisation of crops assignment in order to minimize the streaming risks concerning agricultural territories. The results of simulation were obtained for the territory of Pays de Caux in the northwest of France.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00008124
Contributor : Wassim Jaziri <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, January 19, 2005 - 11:32:24 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, February 5, 2019 - 11:44:17 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Friday, April 2, 2010 - 9:42:35 PM

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  • HAL Id : tel-00008124, version 1

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Wassim Jaziri. Modélisation et gestion des contraintes pour un problème d'optimisation sur-contraint : Application à l'aide à la décision pour la gestion du risque de ruissellement. Informatique. INSA de Rouen, 2004. Français. ⟨tel-00008124⟩

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