Coévolution dans les systèmes de villes : croissance et spécialisation des aires urbaines françaises de 1950 à 2000

Abstract : To which extent have the hierarchical structure and economical differentiation patterns in urban systems been affected by the economical change in developed countries since the 1950s ? This doctorate thesis aims at studying the impact on French cities of the shift from the industrial society towards the “knowledge society”, through the implementation of original tools and data.

According to the INSEE official definition of “Aires Urbaines”, the multi-secular trend of concentration of population within the urban system has continued. Regional patterns of growth in southern regions have furthermore amplified between 1950 and 2000. This indeed helps drafting specific trajectories for each city.

Changes in economical specialization in cities are assessed through multivariate analysis. These first highlight of a long-term differentiation trend, legacy of inequalities in the diffusion of innovations during the first industrial revolution. While maintaining their inherited patterns, cities adapt to economical change through co-evolution in the system. The analysis also demonstrates the reinforcement of metropolitan patterns which combine, for the first time in urban history, the size of cities and their economical specialization. Larger cities discriminate in catching up with emblematic activities from the latest innovation cycle. Such patterns might actually be the sign of a structural change.
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Géographie. Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - Paris I, 2004. Français
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Submitted on : Thursday, January 13, 2005 - 10:21:25 PM
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Fabien Paulus. Coévolution dans les systèmes de villes : croissance et spécialisation des aires urbaines françaises de 1950 à 2000. Géographie. Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - Paris I, 2004. Français. 〈tel-00008053〉

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