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Experimental determination of the incorporation of Th into orthophosphates and the resetting of geochronological systems of monazite

Abstract : This PhD thesis is divided into three parts: (1) the experimental incorporation of Th in monazite and xenotime, (2) the behaviour of the monazite structure under temperature-induced healing, and (3) the experimental resetting of the U-Pb geochronological system in monazite. (1) The Th distribution between monazite and xenotime as a result of the Th + Si = REE + P substitution mechanism was experimentally determined in the T-P-range of 600 to 1100°C and 2Kbar. Starting mixtures consisted of gels and were composed of equal amounts of CePO4 and YPO4 with addition of 10, 20 and 50 mole % of ThSiO4. Run products were analysed using AEM and XRD. At all temperatures, the ThSiO4 component is partitioned almost exclusively into monazite for a ThSiO4 component of 10 and 20 mole %. Xenotime is apparently ThSiO4-free. In the T-range 600°C-900°C and for ThSiO4 = 50 mole %, thorite is additionally formed indicating ThSiO4 saturation within monazite at these conditions. At 1000°C, only monazite and a small amount of xenotime crystallised. No thorite was observed. (2) The healing of radiation damage in a natural and chemically homogeneous concordant (474±1 Ma) monazite has been experimentally investigated (500-1200°C/~7days). XRD, TEM, Raman microprobe and Cathodoluminescence analysis were performed. The unheated monazite has a mosaic structure consisting of two domains corresponding to two monazite crystals with different lattice parameters. (A) domains correspond to well-crystallised areas where He atoms are trapped, thus inducing their lattice expansion. (B) domains are interpreted to exhibit a He-free distorted monazite crystal lattice which can be referred to old alpha-recoil tracks. With increasing temperature, He diffuses out of the monazite lattice, thus inducing its relaxation. Additionally, the nm-sized defect domains (B) are getting healed. The complete healing is achieved at 900°C after 7 days. (3) In order to investigate the influence of fluid composition and temperature on resetting, abraded fragments (200-400 µm) from monazite used in (2) were experimentally treated (800-1000°C/14-39 days) within solutions of different compositions (H2O up to 1200°C/5 days, NaCl, SrCl2 CaCl2-fluids and a Pb-spike-fluid). Products were analysed using SEM, EMP, SIMS and ID-TIMS. For all runs, EMP traverses revealed no Pb-diffusion profiles. Significant overgrowths of newly formed monazite occurred only in the 1000°C experiments when either CaCl2 or Pb-bearing fluids were present. For CaCl2, inherited core and newly formed Ca-rich and Pb-free monazite rim were produced by dissolution/precipitation. Significant discordancy was only observed when grains were treated with SrCl2 (16%) and CaCl2 (68%) solutions at 1000°C. Finally, experiments performed in the presence of Pb-standard produced sub-concordant monazite with a 207Pb/206Pb apparent age older than prior to the experiment indicating Pb-contamination by the fluid.
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Contributor : Anne-Magali Seydoux-Guillaume <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, December 7, 2004 - 4:29:22 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, November 18, 2020 - 6:06:02 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Friday, April 2, 2010 - 9:11:47 PM

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Anne-Magali Seydoux-Guillaume. Experimental determination of the incorporation of Th into orthophosphates and the resetting of geochronological systems of monazite. Applied geology. Technische Universität Berlin, 2001. English. ⟨tel-00007675⟩

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