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Le pilotage aux confins mouvants de la gouvernance. Économie, écologie, politique et régulation en Amazonie Colombienne, 1975-1990

Abstract : Abstract of the PhD Thesis "Steering there where governance ends. Economy, ecology, politics and regulation in the Colombian Amazon, 1975-1990" by Geert van Vliet, Paris I Panthéon-Sorbonne, February 1997. This thesis advances on a theoretical and methodological ground (a systematic intent is made to improve the understanding of the problematics of governance) and analyzes the possibilities to (re)establish a legitime (public) steering capacity in extreme complex and adverse situations. Different systemic approaches are used (the contributions of the multidimensionnal economy, environmental management, socio-political and economic regulation theories, the economy of organisations) to characterize the constitutive elements of the territory of governance (first part). In each organisation, three vital governance mecanisms coexist (regulation by command, autonomy - and it's variant - autopoieisis). These mecanisms contribute to heterogeneous organizational structures and limits. By putting into evidence the paradoxes of learning and innovation, the analysis of these mecanisms allows to explain the declining effectivity of public policies (second part). By characterizing the operation of the micro, macro and megaregulation systems, we are able to establish a link between reflections on the theme of relative autonomy - and thus, the space which may be governed -, and the reflections on the "limits" of that space, among other, by introducing the theory of autopoiesis. Indeed, limits are irrelevant for autopoietic organisations, which represents a serious challenge to standard strategic steering approaches. These reflections provide a feedback for a re-reading of the governance situation in the Colombian Amazon, where three periods will be distinguished, according the predominance of regulation by command, autonomy or autopoiesis (third part). To conclude : the modelization of the governance problematic seems useful; but it remains difficult to go beyond intelligibility. Although some paths are suggested, the persistance of numerous theoritical and methodological problems and the existence of high risks involved in misplaced manipulation, represent an invitation to prudence. Steering at the confines asks for the patient intervention of numerous craftsmen, among others, based on a better knowledge of the limits of our own steering and organization systems. Suggested keywords : COMPLEXITY, AUTOPOIESIS, COLOMBIAN AMAZONE REGION, REGULATION THEORY, STRATEGIC STEERING, GOVERNANCE, SYSTEM THEORY, THEORY OF THÉ ORGANIZATION, NEGOCIATION THEORY, ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT, CONFLICT MANAGEMENT, INSTITUTIONAL ECONOMY, MULTIDIMENSIONAL ECONOMY, GEOPOLITICS.
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Geert van Vliet. Le pilotage aux confins mouvants de la gouvernance. Économie, écologie, politique et régulation en Amazonie Colombienne, 1975-1990. Economies et finances. Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - Paris I, 1997. Français. ⟨tel-00007490⟩

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