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Approche Expérimentale et Modélisation Micromécanique du Comportement des Alliages de Zirconium Irradiés

Abstract : Zirconium alloys cladding tubes containing nuclear fuel of the Pressurized Water Reactors constitute the first safety barrier against the dissemination of radioactive elements. Thus, it is essential to predict the mechanical behavior of the material in-reactor conditions. This study aims, on the one hand, to identify and characterize the mechanisms of the plastic deformation of irradiated zirconium alloys and, on the other hand, to propose a micromechanical modeling based on these mechanisms. The experimental analysis shows that, for the irradiated material, the plastic deformation occurs by dislocation channeling. For transverse tensile test and internal pressure test this channeling occurs in the basal planes. However, for axial tensile test, the study revealed that the plastic deformation also occurs by channeling but in the prismatic and pyramidal planes. In addition, the study of the macroscopic mechanical behavior, compared to the deformation mechanisms observed by TEM, suggested that the internal stress is higher in the case of irradiated material than in the case of non-irradiated material, because of the very heterogeneous character of the plastic deformation. This analysis led to a coherent interpretation of the mechanical behavior of irradiated materials, in terms of deformation mechanisms. The mechanical behavior of irradiated materials was finally modeled by applying homogenization methods for heterogeneous materials. This model is able to reproduce adequately the mechanical behavior of the irradiated material, in agreement with the TEM observations.
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Contributor : Fabien Onimus <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, July 20, 2004 - 9:29:58 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, July 8, 2020 - 11:10:20 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Wednesday, September 12, 2012 - 4:50:10 PM


  • HAL Id : tel-00006513, version 1



Fabien Onimus. Approche Expérimentale et Modélisation Micromécanique du Comportement des Alliages de Zirconium Irradiés. Energie électrique. Ecole Centrale Paris, 2003. Français. ⟨tel-00006513⟩



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