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Theses

Déplacements urbains de personnes : de la planification des transports à la gestion durable de la mobilité. Mutations d'une expertise

Abstract : When examined as a system of players who develop and share knowledge and know-how, French expertise in urban transport planning shows up as a social construction subordinated to community demand (from power-driven means of transport to sustainable ones) and the local context (transport control is being partially transferred from the state and transport companies to local authorities). How is French expertise renewing itself ? This thesis analyses the results of an investigation encompassing a dozen French consulting firms among the most active in urban transport planning in the 1990s. The barriers between means of transport and between planning, design and operating have become less marked. Alongside objectivising skills based on modelling, new quality-oriented, interactive skills turned towards local stakeholders and bringing into play different time and area scales are now making their presence felt. Different national semi-private and public organizations, in particular Certu, still play a leading role in disseminating information about new skills. Software applications from Europe and North America, however, are increasing their influence over modelling skills; much of the expertise concerning non-motorized means of transport is also being elaborated in a “mixed forum” of professionals, local elected representatives and user groups. The situation in Britain and Germany, as well as a tendency towards more open markets, indicate that traditional French system of expertise in transport may well evolve in coming years.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00006468
Contributor : Gilles Debizet <>
Submitted on : Monday, July 19, 2004 - 4:26:56 PM
Last modification on : Sunday, October 25, 2020 - 7:06:39 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Friday, April 2, 2010 - 8:41:56 PM

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  • HAL Id : tel-00006468, version 1

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Gilles Debizet. Déplacements urbains de personnes : de la planification des transports à la gestion durable de la mobilité. Mutations d'une expertise. Géographie. Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - Paris I, 2004. Français. ⟨tel-00006468⟩

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