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Simulation dynamique et applications robotiques

Ammar Joukhadar 1
1 SHARP - Automatic Programming and Decisional Systems in Robotics
GRAVIR - IMAG - Laboratoire d'informatique GRAphique, VIsion et Robotique de Grenoble, Inria Grenoble - Rhône-Alpes
Abstract : We describe models and algorithms designed to produce efficient and physically consistent dynamic simulations. These models and algorithms have been implemented within the $Robot\Phi$ system\cite(RAP95) which can potentially be configured for a large variety of interven\-tion-style tasks such as dextrous manipulations with a robot hand; manipulation of non-rigid objects; tele-programming of the motions of an all-terrain vehicle; and some robot assisted surgery tasks (e.g. positioning of an artificial ligament in knee surgery). The approach uses a novel physically based modeling technique to produce dynamic simulations which are both efficient and consistent according to the laws of the Physics. The main advances over previous works in Robotics and Computer Graphics fields are twofold: the development of a unique framework for simultaneously processing motions, deformations, and physical interactions; and the incorporation of appropriate models and algorithms for obtaining efficient processing times while insuring consistent physical behaviors.
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Ammar Joukhadar. Simulation dynamique et applications robotiques. Autre [cs.OH]. Institut National Polytechnique de Grenoble - INPG, 1997. Français. ⟨tel-00004948⟩

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