J. Bibliographie-Ëak93ë-avrahami and Y. Et-kareev, What do you expect to get when you ask for "a cup of coffee and a muffin or a croissant"? On the interpretation of sentences containing multiple connectives, International Journal of Man-Machine Studies, vol.38, issue.3, pp.429-434, 1993.
DOI : 10.1006/imms.1993.1019

C. L. Barry, í User-deaened relevance criteria: an exploratory study, Journal of the American Society for Information Science, vol.45, issue.3, pp.135-141, 1994.

N. J. Belkin, í The problem of 'matching' in information retrieval In : Theory and application of information research, par Harbo O.. et Kajberg L, pp.187-197, 1980.

P. D. Bruza, T. W. Et-huibers, W. B. Croft, and C. J. Van-rijsbergen, í Investigating aboutness axioms using information aeelds, Proceedings of the Seventeenth Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval, pp.112-121, 1994.
DOI : 10.1007/978-1-4471-2099-5_12

URL : http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/summary?doi=

P. D. Bruza and T. W. Et-huibers, í How nonmonotonic is aboutness? í Technical report UU-CS-1995-09, 1995.

C. L. Borgman, í Psychological research in human-computer interaction, 33í64. í White Plains, 1984.

H. W. Bruce, A cognitive view of the situational dynamism of user-centered relevance estimation, Journal of the American Society for Information Science, vol.45, issue.3, pp.142-148, 1994.
DOI : 10.1002/(SICI)1097-4571(199404)45:3<142::AID-ASI4>3.0.CO;2-6

Y. Ëcdbk86ë-chiaramella, B. Defude, M. Bruandet, and D. Et-kerkouba, í IOTA: a full text information retrieval system, Proceedings of the 246 BIBLIOGRAPHIE Ninth Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval, pp.207-213, 1986.

J. Chevallet, í Un mod ele logique de recherche d'informations appliqu e au formalisme des graphes conceptuels. Leprototype ELEN et son exp erimentation sur un corpus de composants logiciels, 1992.

C. A. Cuadra and R. V. Et-katter, í Experimental studies of relevance judgments: Final report: Volume I: Project summary. í Rapport technique, 1967.

W. S. Cooper, A definition of relevance for information retrieval, Information Storage and Retrieval, vol.7, issue.1, pp.19-37, 1971.
DOI : 10.1016/0020-0271(71)90024-6

W. S. Cooper, On selecting a measure of retrieval effectiveness, Journal of the American Society for Information Science, vol.125, issue.2, pp.87-100, 1973.
DOI : 10.1002/asi.4630240204

W. B. Croft, W. B. Croft, and R. H. Et-thompson, í What do people want from information retrieval? í the top 10 research issues for companies that use and sell IR systems. D-Lib Magazine,novembre 1995 í The use of adaptive mechanisms for selection of search strategies in document retrieval systems, Third Joint BCS-ACM Symposium.íCambridge, 1984.

F. Ëcvr96ë-crestani and C. J. Van-rijsbergen, í A study of probability kynematics in information retrieval, ESPRIT BRA Project, vol.3, p.8134, 1996.

P. J. Daniels, COGNITIVE MODELS IN INFORMATION RETRIEVAL ??? AN EVALUATIVE REVIEW, Journal of Documentation, vol.42, issue.4, pp.272-304, 1986.
DOI : 10.1108/eb026797

C. Ëdan94ë-danii-lowicz, í Modelling of user preferences and needs in boolean retrieval systems, Information Processing and Management, vol.30, issue.3, pp.363-378, 1994.

N. Ëdbm97ë-denos, C. Berrut, and M. Et-mechkour, í An image retrieval system based on the visualization of system relevance via documents, Database and Expert Systems Applications, 8th International Conference, DEXA'97 par Hameurlain A.. et Tjoa A M... pp. 214í224. í, 1997.

B. Ëdn86ë-dervin and M. Et-nilan, í Information needs and uses, par Williams M. E.., pp. 3í33. í White Plains, 1986.

N. Ëfuh92ë-fuhr, R. Green, C. A. Et-bean, S. L. Greene, S. J. Devlin et al., í Topical relevance relationships í ii. an exploratory study and preliminary typology í No ifs, ands or ors: a study of database querying, Probabilistic models in information retrieval, pp.243-255, 1990.

R. Ëgre95ë-green, Topical relevance relationships. I. Why topic matching fails, Journal of the American Society for Information Science, vol.46, issue.9, pp.646-653, 1995.
DOI : 10.1002/(SICI)1097-4571(199510)46:9<646::AID-ASI2>3.0.CO;2-1

M. Hancock-beaulieu and S. Et-walker, AN EVALUATION OF AUTOMATIC QUERY EXPANSION IN AN ONLINE LIBRARY CATALOGUE, Journal of Documentation, vol.48, issue.4, pp.406-427, 1992.
DOI : 10.1108/eb026906

D. L. Howard, Pertinence as reflected in personal constructs, Journal of the American Society for Information Science, vol.45, issue.3, pp.172-185, 1994.
DOI : 10.1002/(SICI)1097-4571(199404)45:3<172::AID-ASI7>3.0.CO;2-V

T. W. Huibers, í An Axiomatic Theory for Information Retrieval, 1996.

G. A. Kelly, W. W. York, and . Norton, A theory of personality, ëMar77ë Maron M. E... í On indexing, retrieval and the meaning of about, pp.38-43, 1955.

M. E. Ëmar85ë-maron, í Probabilistic retrieval methods, Progress in Communication Sciences, pp.145-176, 1985.

A. Mí-uller and S. Et-kutschekmanesch, í Using abductive inference and dynamic indexing to retrieve multimedia sgml documents, Proceedings of the Final Workshop on Multimedia Information Retrieval

N. Ëmn96ë-mulhem-philippee and . Laurencee, Interactive information retrieval systems: From user centred interface design to software design, Proceedings of the Nineteenth Annual International ACM SIGIR ConferenceonResearch and Development in Information Retrieval, 1996.

A. Mí-uller and U. Et-thiel, í Query expansion in an abductive information retrieval system In : RIAO 94 conference proceedings: Intelligent multimedia information retrieval systems and management, pp.461-480, 1994.

F. Maccall and P. Et-willet, Criteria for the selection of search strategies in best-match document-retrieval systems, International Journal of Man-Machine Studies, vol.25, issue.3, pp.317-326, 1986.
DOI : 10.1016/S0020-7373(86)80063-3

J. Ënie90ë-nie, í Un mod ele logique g en eral pour les syst emes de recherche d'informations -Application au prototype RIME, 1990.

T. K. Park, í The nature of relevance in information retrieval: an empirical study, Library Quarterly, vol.63, issue.3, pp.318-351, 1993.

F. Paradis, í Mod ele d'indexation pour les documents textuels structur es, 1996.

R. Prieto-d-iaz, Implementing faceted classification for software reuse, Communications of the ACM, vol.34, issue.5, pp.88-97, 1991.
DOI : 10.1145/103167.103176

Y. Qiu and H. P. Et-frei, Concept based query expansion, Proceedings of the 16th annual international ACM SIGIR conference on Research and development in information retrieval , SIGIR '93, 1993.
DOI : 10.1145/160688.160713

R. J. Jr, í Relevance feedback in information retrieval In : The SMARTretrieval SystemíExperiments in Automatic Document Processing, 313í323. í Englewood Cliaes, 1971.

A. M. Rees and D. G. Schultz, í A aeeld experimental approach to the study of relevance assessments in relation to document searching: Final report: Volume I. í Rapport technique, 1967.

I. Ërut96ë-ruthven, í Context generation through selection of pertinent material . í Deliverable n 3, ESPRIT BRA Project No. 8134 -FERMI, 1996.

T. Saracevic, RELEVANCE: A review of and a framework for the thinking on the notion in information science, Journal of the American Society for Information Science, vol.4, issue.6, pp.321-343, 1975.
DOI : 10.1002/asi.4630260604

A. Ësb95ë-smeaton and C. Et-berrut, í Running TREC-4 Experiments: A Chronological Report of Query Expansion Experiments Carried out as Part of TREC-4. í Rapport technique n CAí2095, 1995.

L. Schamber, í Users' criteria for evaluation in multimedia information seeking and use situations, 1991.

L. Schamber, í Relevance and information behavior In : Annual Review of Information Science and Technology, par Williams M. E.., chap. 1. í Medford, N. J., Learned Information, 1994.

L. Schamber, M. B. Eisenberg, and M. S. Et-nilan, í A re-examination of relevance: toward a dynamic, situational deaenition. Information Processing and Management, 755í776. ëSJ81ë Spark Jones K... í The Cranaeeld tests. In : Information retrieval experiment, 1981.

G. Ësm83ë-salton and M. J. Mcgill, í Introduction to modern Information Retrieval, 1983.

M. Smaí-l, í Raisonnement a base de cas pour une recherche evolutive d'informations ; prototype Cabri-n í Vers la d eaenition d'un cadre d'acquisition des connaissances, 1994.

R. S. Taylor, í Value-added processes in information systems, 1986.

U. Thiel, J. A. Gulla, A. Mí-uller, and A. Et-sein, í Dialogue strategies for multimedia retrieval: intertwinning abductive reasoning and dialogue planning, Proceedings of the Final Workshop on Multimedia Information Retrieval MIRO'955, ed. par Ruthven I... í Glasgow, Scotland, septembre 1995. eWiC, electronic Workshops in Computing series

U. Thiel and A. Et-mí-uller, ???Why was This Item Retrieved????: New Ways to Explore Retrieval Results, par Agosti M.. et Smeaton A.., chap. 8, pp. 181í201. í Boston, 1996.
DOI : 10.1007/978-1-4613-1373-1_8

A. Veerasamy and N. J. Et-belkin, Evaluation of a tool for visualization of information retrieval results, Proceedings of the 19th annual international ACM SIGIR conference on Research and development in information retrieval , SIGIR '96, 1996.
DOI : 10.1145/243199.243218

B. C. Vickery, í The structure of information retrieval systems, Proceedings of the International Conference on Scientiaec Information, 1959.

B. C. Vickery, í Subject analysis for information retrieval, Proceedings of the International Conference on Scientiaec Information 855í865. í Washington D.C, 1959. ëvR92ë van Rijsbergen C. J... í Probabilistic retrieval revisited, pp.291-298, 1992.

S. Willie, P. Et-bruza, E. Fox, P. Ingwersen, and R. Et-fidel, í User's models of the information space, Proceedings of the Eighteenth Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval, 1995.

P. Wilson, Situational relevance, Information Storage and Retrieval, vol.9, issue.8, pp.457-471, 1973.
DOI : 10.1016/0020-0271(73)90096-X

S. K. Wong and Y. Y. Et-yao, í Information retrieval based on axiomatic decision theory. í Rapport technique n TR-89-985, 1989.

Y. Y. Yao, Measuring retrieval effectiveness based on user preference of documents, Journal of the American Society for Information Science, vol.46, issue.2, pp.133-145, 1995.
DOI : 10.1002/(SICI)1097-4571(199503)46:2<133::AID-ASI6>3.0.CO;2-Z