OMAGE : Outils et Méthode pour la spécification des connaissances au sein d'un Atelier de Génie Educatif

Abstract : New information technologies have now thoroughly entered our society and result in deep changes in our daily life, mainly in the working world. However, even if educational methods have changed, the teacher's job has not really evolved, because any attempt for introducing computer technology into this area raises the suspicion of teachers who fear to lose their freedom to make educational decisions. Moreover, technological improvements have no interest if they are not integrated in a global process of educational applications design. Our research therefore chiefly aims at facilitating the teacher task of preparing of his/her pedagogical sequences. We thus define the methodological support for a computer aided environment for educational knowledge specification. Our work is then organised around three major axes. First of all, we propose to organise teaching according to the notion of « problem-situations » because it puts the learners in the situation of a project while responding to the pedagogical objectives initially proposed. Next, we raise the necessity for teachers to rely on a formal specification process that we duly define, and for which we propose a life-cycle based on rapid prototyping. We also propose an ontology of teaching founded upon an object-oriented architecture. We finally show that the utilisation of meta-CASE tools allows to develop an environment which both supplies an adapted assistance and is sufficiently flexible to provide different specification methods and to allow different points of view and-or representation formalisms on a same specification. The developed prototype couples the meta-CASE tool HARDY, that offers a diagrammatic interface supporting all the stages of the development process, and the expert system generator CLIPS that ensures the global cohesion in terms of guidance and flexibility.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00003699
Contributor : Christophe Marquesuzaà <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, November 4, 2003 - 6:36:57 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, May 7, 2019 - 1:24:32 AM
Long-term archiving on : Friday, April 2, 2010 - 10:59:27 PM

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Christophe Marquesuzaà. OMAGE : Outils et Méthode pour la spécification des connaissances au sein d'un Atelier de Génie Educatif. Autre [cs.OH]. Université de Pau et des Pays de l'Adour, 1998. Français. ⟨tel-00003699⟩

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