R. Adler and R. A. Mack, Thunderstorm Cloud Height???Rainfall Rate Relations for Use with Satellite Rainfall Estimation Techniques, Journal of Climate and Applied Meteorology, vol.23, issue.2, pp.280-296, 1984.
DOI : 10.1175/1520-0450(1984)023<0280:TCHRRF>2.0.CO;2

P. Alpert and H. Et-shafir, Meso g-scale distribution of orographic precipitation : Numerical study and comparison with precipitation derived from radar measurements, 1989.

S. Amburn and P. Wolf, VIL Density as a Hail Indicator, Weather and Forecasting, vol.12, issue.3, pp.473-478, 1996.
DOI : 10.1175/1520-0434(1997)012<0473:VDAAHI>2.0.CO;2

H. Andrieu and J. Et-creutin, Identification of Vertical Profiles of Radar Reflectivity for Hydrological Applications Using an Inverse Method. Part I: Formulation, Journal of Applied Meteorology, vol.34, issue.1, pp.225-239, 1995.
DOI : 10.1175/1520-0450(1995)034<0225:IOVPOR>2.0.CO;2

H. Andrieu, M. French, W. Krajewski, and K. Et-georgakakos, Stochastic???dynamical rainfall simulation based on weather radar volume scan data, para??trepara??tre dans Advances in Water Resources, 2003.
DOI : 10.1016/S0309-1708(02)00168-9

D. Atlas and C. Et-ulbrich, Path- and Area-Integrated Rainfall Measurement by Microwave Attenuation in the 1???3 cm Band, Journal of Applied Meteorology, vol.16, issue.12, pp.1322-1331, 1977.
DOI : 10.1175/1520-0450(1977)016<1322:PAAIRM>2.0.CO;2

G. Austin and A. Et-bellon, The use of digital weather radar records for short-term precipitation forecasting, Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, vol.12, issue.426, pp.658-664, 1974.
DOI : 10.1002/qj.49710042612

P. Austin, Relation between Measured Radar Reflectivity and Surface Rainfall, Monthly Weather Review, vol.115, issue.5, pp.1053-1070, 1987.
DOI : 10.1175/1520-0493(1987)115<1053:RBMRRA>2.0.CO;2

L. Battan, Radar observation of the atmosphere, 1973.

A. Bellon and I. Et-zawadzki, Forecasting of hourly accumulations of precipitation by optimal extrapolation of radar maps, Journal of Hydrology, vol.157, issue.1-4, pp.211-233, 1994.
DOI : 10.1016/0022-1694(94)90106-6

E. Berry and R. Et-reinhardt, An analysis of cloud drop growth by collection, J. Atmos, 1974.

J. Billet, M. Delisi, and . Smith, Use of Regression Techniques to Predict Hail Size and the Probability of Large Hail, Weather and Forecasting, vol.12, issue.1, pp.154-164, 1997.
DOI : 10.1175/1520-0434(1997)012<0154:UORTTP>2.0.CO;2

P. Binder, A. Rossa, P. Bougeault, J. Moore, D. Jorgensen et al., MAP Implementation Plan. Disponible sur le site internet de MAPàMAPà l'adresse suivante, 1999.

M. Borga, E. Anagnoustou, and W. Et-krajewski, A Simulation Approach for Validation of a Brightband Correction Method, Journal of Applied Meteorology, vol.36, issue.11, pp.1507-1518, 1997.
DOI : 10.1175/1520-0450(1997)036<1507:ASAFVO>2.0.CO;2

B. Boudevillain and H. Et-andrieu, Assessment of Vertically Integrated Liquid (VIL) Water Content Radar Measurement, Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, vol.20, issue.6, pp.807-819, 2003.
DOI : 10.1175/1520-0426(2003)020<0807:AOVILV>2.0.CO;2

P. Bougeault, P. Binder, A. Buzzi, R. Dirks, R. House et al., The MAP Special Observing Period, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, vol.82, issue.3, pp.433-462
DOI : 10.1175/1520-0477(2001)082<0433:TMSOP>2.3.CO;2

P. Bougeault, E. Richard, and F. Et-roux, L'exp??rience MAP sur les ph??nom??nes de m??so??chelle dans les Alpes - Premier bilan, La M??t??orologie, vol.8, issue.33, pp.16-33, 2001.
DOI : 10.4267/2042/36168

O. Bousquet and M. Chong, A multiple-doppler synthesis and continuity adjustement technique to recover wind components from doppler radar system, J. Atmos. Ocean, 1998.

K. Browning and C. Et-collier, Nowcasting of precipitation systems, Reviews of Geophysics, vol.2, issue.2, pp.345-370, 1989.
DOI : 10.1029/RG027i003p00345

K. Browning and R. Et-wexler, The Determination of Kinematic Properties of a Wind Field Using Doppler Radar, Journal of Applied Meteorology, vol.7, issue.1, pp.105-113, 1968.
DOI : 10.1175/1520-0450(1968)007<0105:TDOKPO>2.0.CO;2

P. J. Brémaud and Y. Et-pointin, Forecasting heavy rainfall from rain cell motion using radar data, Journal of Hydrology, vol.142, issue.1-4, pp.373-389, 1993.
DOI : 10.1016/0022-1694(93)90019-6

K. Caillault and Y. Et-lema??trelema??tre, Retrieval of Three-Dimensional Wind Fields Corrected for the Time-Induced Advection Problem, Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, vol.16, issue.6, pp.708-722, 1999.
DOI : 10.1175/1520-0426(1999)016<0708:ROTDWF>2.0.CO;2

C. Calas, Apport d'une analysè a méso-´ echelle pour la prévision immédiate des systèmes convectifs, Thèse de doctorat, 1997.

M. Chong, J. Georgis, O. Bousquet, S. Brodzik, C. Burghart et al., Real???Time Wind Synthesis from Doppler Radar Observations during the Mesoscale Alpine Programme, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, vol.81, issue.12, pp.2953-2962, 2000.
DOI : 10.1175/1520-0477(2000)081<2953:RTWSFD>2.3.CO;2

T. Clark, Numerical simulations with a three-dimensional cloud model : lateral boundary condition experiments and multi-cellular severe storm calculations, J. Atmos . Sci, vol.34, pp.2191-2215, 1979.

T. Clark, W. Hall, and J. Et-coen, Source code documentation for the Clark-Hall cloudscale model, code version G3CH01, 1996.

W. Cotton and R. Et-anthes, Storm and cloud dynamics, 1989.

R. Crane, Automatic Cell Detection and Tracking, IEEE Transactions on Geoscience Electronics, vol.17, issue.4, pp.250-262, 1979.
DOI : 10.1109/TGE.1979.294654

G. Delrieu, H. Andrieu, and J. Et-creutin, Quantification of Path-Integrated Attenuation for X- and C-Band Weather Radar Systems Operating in Mediterranean Heavy Rainfall, Journal of Applied Meteorology, vol.39, issue.6, pp.840-850, 1999.
DOI : 10.1175/1520-0450(2000)039<0840:QOPIAF>2.0.CO;2

G. Delrieu, J. Creutin, and I. Et-saint-andré, Relationships: Practical Results for Typical Weather Radar Wavelengths, Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, vol.8, issue.4, pp.467-476, 1991.
DOI : 10.1175/1520-0426(1991)008<0467:MRRPRF>2.0.CO;2

T. Denoeux and P. Et-rizand, Analysis of radar images for rainfall forecasting using neural networks, Neural Computing & Applications, vol.112, issue.1, pp.50-61, 1995.
DOI : 10.1007/BF01414176

X. Ding, T. Denoeux, and F. Et-helleco, Tracking Rain Cells in Radar Images using Multilayer Neural Networks, Proceedings of ICANN'93, pp.962-967, 1993.
DOI : 10.1007/978-1-4471-2063-6_284

M. Dixon and G. Et-wiener, TITAN: Thunderstorm Identification, Tracking, Analysis, and Nowcasting???A Radar-based Methodology, Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, vol.10, issue.6, pp.785-797, 1993.
DOI : 10.1175/1520-0426(1993)010<0785:TTITAA>2.0.CO;2

L. Dolcine, Prévision quantitativè a très courté echéance de la pluie. modèle global adaptéadaptéà l'information radar, Thèse de doctorat, 1997.

L. Dolcine, H. Andrieu, and M. French, Evaluation of a conceptual rainfall forecasting model from observed and simulated rain events, Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, vol.2, issue.2/3, pp.173-182, 1998.
DOI : 10.5194/hess-2-173-1998

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00330827

L. Dolcine, H. Andrieu, M. French, J. Et, and J. D. Creutin, Implementation considerations of a conceptual precipitation model, Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, vol.131, issue.9, pp.2291-2298, 2000.
DOI : 10.1029/1999JD900968

C. Doswell, The Distinction between Large-Scale and Mesoscale Contribution to Severe Convection: A Case Study Example, Weather and Forecasting, vol.2, issue.1, pp.3-16, 1987.
DOI : 10.1175/1520-0434(1987)002<0003:TDBLSA>2.0.CO;2

V. Ducrocq, J. Lafore, J. Redelsperger, and F. Et-orain, Initialization of a fine-scale model for convective-system prediction: A case study, Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, vol.12, issue.570, pp.3041-3066, 2000.
DOI : 10.1002/qj.49712657004

V. Ducrocq, D. Tzanos, and S. Et-senesi, Diagnostic tools using a mesoscale NWP model for the early warning of convection, Meteorological Applications, vol.117, issue.4, pp.329-349, 1998.
DOI : 10.1017/S1350482798000917

C. Easterbrook, Estimating horizontal wind fields from a two-dimensional curve fitting of single-doppler radar measurements. Preprints, 16th Radar Meteorologt Conf, pp.414-416, 1975.

R. Edwards and R. Et-thompson, Nationwide Comparisons of Hail Size with WSR-88D Vertically Integrated Liquid Water and Derived Thermodynamic Sounding Data, Weather and Forecasting, vol.13, issue.2, pp.277-285, 1998.
DOI : 10.1175/1520-0434(1998)013<0277:NCOHSW>2.0.CO;2

T. Einfalt, T. Denoeux, and G. Et-jacquet, A radar rainfall forecasting method designed for hydrological purposes, Journal of Hydrology, vol.114, issue.3-4, pp.229-244, 1990.
DOI : 10.1016/0022-1694(90)90058-6

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00779578

F. Fabry and I. Et-zawadzki, Long-Term Radar Observations of the Melting Layer of Precipitation and Their Interpretation, Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, vol.52, issue.7, pp.838-851, 1995.
DOI : 10.1175/1520-0469(1995)052<0838:LTROOT>2.0.CO;2

D. Faure, J. Schmitt, and P. Et-auchet, Limits of radar rainfall forecasting for sewage system management : results and application in nancy, Proceedings 8th International conference on urban storm drainage, pp.441-449, 2001.

N. Fox, M. Sleigh, and C. Et-pierce, Forecast Demonstration Project Sydney 2000: Part 1: An overview of the project and the participating systems, Weather, vol.13, issue.11, pp.397-404, 2001.
DOI : 10.1002/j.1477-8696.2001.tb06516.x

M. French, H. Andrieu, and W. Et-krajewski, Uncertainty in Vertically Integrated Liquid Water Content due to Radar Reflectivity Observation Error, Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, vol.12, issue.2, pp.404-409, 1995.
DOI : 10.1175/1520-0426(1995)012<0404:UIVILW>2.0.CO;2

M. French and W. Et-krajewski, A model for real-time quantitative rainfall forecasting using remote sensing: 1. Formulation, Water Resources Research, vol.16, issue.10, pp.1075-1083, 1994.
DOI : 10.1029/93WR03249

T. Gal-chen and R. Et-somerville, On the use of a coordinate transformation for the solution of the Navier-Stokes equations, Journal of Computational Physics, vol.17, issue.2, pp.209-228, 1975.
DOI : 10.1016/0021-9991(75)90037-6

A. Gelb, Applied optimal estimation, 1974.

K. Georgakakos and R. Et-bras, A hydrologically useful station precipitation model: 1. Formulation, Water Resources Research, vol.5, issue.2, p.15851596, 1984.
DOI : 10.1029/WR020i011p01585

K. Georgakakos and R. Et-bras, A hydrologically useful station precipitation model: 2. Case studies, Water Resources Research, vol.46, issue.6, pp.1597-1610, 1984.
DOI : 10.1029/WR020i011p01597

K. Georgakakos and W. Et-krajewski, Statistical-microphysical causes of rainfall variability in the tropics, Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, vol.38, issue.15, pp.26165-26181, 1996.
DOI : 10.1029/96JD01613

U. Germann and I. Et-zawadzki, Scale-Dependence of the Predictability of Precipitation from Continental Radar Images. Part I: Description of the Methodology, Monthly Weather Review, vol.130, issue.12, 2002.
DOI : 10.1175/1520-0493(2002)130<2859:SDOTPO>2.0.CO;2

S. Guilbaud and C. Et-obled, L'approche par analogues en prévision météorologique, 1998.

J. Handwerker, Cell tracking with TRACE3D???a new algorithm, Atmospheric Research, vol.61, issue.1, pp.15-34, 2002.
DOI : 10.1016/S0169-8095(01)00100-4

P. Hardaker, A. Holt, and C. Et-collier, A melting-layer model and its use in correcting for the bright band in single-polarization radar echoes, Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, vol.63, issue.523, pp.495-525, 1995.
DOI : 10.1002/qj.49712152303

H. Höller, V. Bringi, J. Hubert, M. Hagen, and P. Et-meischner, Life Cycle and Precipitation Formation in a Hybrid-Type Hailstorm Revealed by Polarimetric and Doppler Radar Measurements, Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, vol.51, issue.17, pp.2500-2522, 1994.
DOI : 10.1175/1520-0469(1994)051<2500:LCAPFI>2.0.CO;2

G. Jacquet, P. Rizand, X. Ding, and T. Et-denoeux, Vers une amélioration de la prévision quantitative des précipitations par radar météorologique : L'apport des réseaux de neurones, pp.15-29, 1995.

J. Johnson, P. Mackeen, A. Witt, E. D. Mitchell, G. Stumpf et al., The Storm Cell Identification and Tracking Algorithm: An Enhanced WSR-88D Algorithm, Weather and Forecasting, vol.13, issue.2, pp.263-276, 1998.
DOI : 10.1175/1520-0434(1998)013<0263:TSCIAT>2.0.CO;2

J. Joss and A. Et-waldvogel, Precipitation measurement and hydrology, a review. 146 D. Atlas, Ed., Battan Memorial and 40th Anniversary Radar Meteor, Conf, pp.577-606, 1990.

R. Kalman, A New Approach to Linear Filtering and Prediction Problems, Journal of Basic Engineering, vol.82, issue.1, pp.35-45, 1960.
DOI : 10.1115/1.3662552

E. Kessler, On the distribution and continuity of water substance in atmospheric circulations, Meteor. Monog, vol.10, p.84, 1969.

D. Kitzmiller, W. Mcgovern, and R. Et-saffle, The WSR-88D Severe Weather Potential Algorithm, Weather and Forecasting, vol.10, issue.1, pp.141-159, 1995.
DOI : 10.1175/1520-0434(1995)010<0141:TWSWPA>2.0.CO;2

W. Klaassen, Radar Observations and Simulation of the Melting Layer of Precipitation, Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, vol.45, issue.24, pp.3741-3753, 1988.
DOI : 10.1175/1520-0469(1988)045<3741:ROASOT>2.0.CO;2

G. Klazura and D. Et-imy, A Description of the Initial Set of Analysis Products Available from the NEXRAD WSR-88D System, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, vol.74, issue.7, pp.1293-1311, 1993.
DOI : 10.1175/1520-0477(1993)074<1293:ADOTIS>2.0.CO;2

L. Koenig and F. Murray, Ice-Bearing Cumulus Cloud Evolution: Numerical Simulation and General Comparison Against Observations, Journal of Applied Meteorology, vol.15, issue.7, pp.747-762, 1976.
DOI : 10.1175/1520-0450(1976)015<0747:IBCCEN>2.0.CO;2

K. Kozyniak, I. Cluckie, and D. Et-han, Integrated mesoscale hydrometeorological modelling for rainfall and flood forecasting, Proceedings of the 5th International Symposium on Hydrological Applications of weather radar, pp.279-285, 2001.

S. Laroche and I. Et-zawadzki, A Variational Analysis Method for Retrieval of Three-Dimensional Wind Field from Single-Doppler Radar Data, Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, vol.51, issue.18, pp.2664-2684, 1994.
DOI : 10.1175/1520-0469(1994)051<2664:AVAMFR>2.0.CO;2

T. Lee and K. Et-georgakakos, A two-dimensional stochastic-dynamical quantitative precipitation forecasting model, Journal of Geophysical Research, vol.16, issue.80, pp.2113-2126, 1990.
DOI : 10.1029/JD095iD03p02113

T. Lee and K. Et-georgakakos, Operational Rainfall Prediction on Meso-?? Scales for Hydrologic Applications, Water Resources Research, vol.30, issue.7, pp.987-1003, 1996.
DOI : 10.1029/95WR03814

R. Lhermitte and D. Et-atlas, Precipitation motion by pulse doppler radar, Proc. Ninth Weather Radar Conf, pp.218-223, 1961.

L. Li, W. Schmid, and J. Et-joss, Nowcasting of Motion and Growth of Precipitation with Radar over a Complex Orography, Journal of Applied Meteorology, vol.34, issue.6, pp.1287-1301, 1995.
DOI : 10.1175/1520-0450(1995)034<1286:NOMAGO>2.0.CO;2

P. Mackeen, H. Brooks, and K. Et-elmore, The merit of severe and non-severe thunderstorm parameters in forecasts of thunderstorm longevity, Proceedings, 28th Conf. on Radar Meteorology, pp.424-425, 1997.

J. Marshall and W. Et-palmer, THE DISTRIBUTION OF RAINDROPS WITH SIZE, Journal of Meteorology, vol.5, issue.4, pp.165-166, 1948.
DOI : 10.1175/1520-0469(1948)005<0165:TDORWS>2.0.CO;2

T. Matejika and R. Srivastava, An improved version of the extended velocity-azimuth display analysis of single-doppler radar data, J. Atmos. Oceanic Tech, vol.8, pp.452-466, 1991.

S. Mecklenburg, A. Jurczyk, J. Szturc, and K. Et-osrodka, Quantitative precipitation forecasts (qpf) based on radar data for hydrological models. COST Action 717 : Use of radar observations in hydrological and NWP models. Disponiblè a l'adresse suivante, 2002.

C. Morel, Caractérisation objective des systèmes convectifs européenseuropéensà partir de leur suivi dans l'imagerie satellitaire, Thèse de doctorat, 2001.

E. Nakakita, S. Ikebuchi, T. Nakamura, M. Kanmuri, M. Okuda et al., Short-term rainfall prediction method using a volume scanning radar and grid point value data from numerical weather prediction, Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, vol.14, issue.2, pp.26182-26197, 1996.
DOI : 10.1029/96JD01615

E. Nakakita, S. Ikebuchi, M. Tanaka, M. Shiiba, and T. Et-takasao, Estimation of three-dimensional wind velocity and conversion rate of water vapor using reflectivity detected by three-dimensionally scanning radar, Proc. of 2nd Int. Symp. on Hydrological Application of Weather Radar C4, 1992.

E. Nakakita, T. Yagami, and S. Et-ikebuchi, Analysis of characteristics of generation and propagation of localized heavy rainfall utilizing dynamic indices for short-term rainfall prediction, Proceeding of the fifth international symposium on hydrological applications of weather radar, pp.341-346, 2001.

R. Peace, R. Brown, and H. Et-camnitz, Horizontal Motion Field Observations with a Single Pulse Doppler Radar, Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, vol.26, issue.5, pp.1096-1103, 1969.
DOI : 10.1175/1520-0469(1969)026<1096:HMFOWA>2.0.CO;2

T. Pellarin, G. Delrieu, G. Saulnier, H. Andrieu, B. Vignal et al., Hydrologic Visibility of Weather Radar Systems Operating in Mountainous Regions: Case Study for the Ard??che Catchment (France), Journal of Hydrometeorology, vol.3, issue.5, pp.539-555, 2002.
DOI : 10.1175/1525-7541(2002)003<0539:HVOWRS>2.0.CO;2

C. Pierce, P. Hardaker, C. Collier, and C. Et-haggett, GANDOLF: a system for generating automated nowcasts of convective precipitation, Meteorological Applications, vol.33, issue.4, pp.341-360, 2000.
DOI : 10.1017/S135048270000164X

H. Pruppacher and J. Et-klett, Microphysics of Clouds and Precipitation, Aerosol Science and Technology, vol.28, issue.4, 1978.
DOI : 10.1080/02786829808965531

C. Qiu and Q. Et-xu, A Simple Adjoint Method of Wind Analysis for Single-Doppler Data, Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, vol.9, issue.5, 1992.
DOI : 10.1175/1520-0426(1992)009<0588:ASAMOW>2.0.CO;2

R. Rinehart and E. Garvey, Three-dimensional storm motion detection by conventional weather radar, Nature, vol.273, issue.5660, pp.287-289, 1978.
DOI : 10.1175/1520-0450(1975)014<1346:DDROAS>2.0.CO;2

R. Roberts, Detecting and forecasting cumulus cold growth using radar and multispectral satellite data, Preprints of the 28th Conf. on Radar Meteorology, pp.408-409, 1997.

R. Rodgers and M. Et-yau, A Short Course in Cloud Physics, 1989.

H. Russchenberg, Ground based remote sensing of precipitation using a multipolarized FM-CW Doppler radar, 1992.

H. Sauvageot, Polarimetric Radar at Attenuated Wavelength as a Hydrological Sensor, Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, vol.13, issue.3, 1996.
DOI : 10.1175/1520-0426(1996)013<0630:PRAAWA>2.0.CO;2

T. Saxen, C. Mueller, T. Jameson, and E. Et-hatfield, Determining key parameters for forecasting thunderstorms at white and missile range, Preprints of the 29th Conf. on Radar Meteorology, pp.9-12, 1999.

H. Schiesser, R. House, and H. Et-huntrieser, The Mesoscale Structure of Severe Precipitation Systems in Switzerland, Monthly Weather Review, vol.123, issue.7, pp.2070-2097, 1995.
DOI : 10.1175/1520-0493(1995)123<2070:TMSOSP>2.0.CO;2

G. Scialom and Y. Et-lema??trelema??tre, A New Analysis for the Retrieval of Three-Dimensional Mesoscale Wind Fields from Multiple Doppler Radar, Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, vol.7, issue.5, pp.640-665, 1990.
DOI : 10.1175/1520-0426(1990)007<0640:ANAFTR>2.0.CO;2

G. Scialom and Y. Et-lema??trelema??tre, QVAD: A Method to Obtain Quadratic Winds from Conical Scans by a Doppler Weather Radar Network, Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, vol.11, issue.4, pp.909-926, 1994.
DOI : 10.1175/1520-0426(1994)011<0909:QAMTOQ>2.0.CO;2

G. Scialom and J. Et-testud, Retrieval of Horizontal Wind Field and Mesoscale Vertical vorticity in Stratiform Precipitation by Conical Scannings with Two Doppler Radars, Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, vol.3, issue.4, 1986.
DOI : 10.1175/1520-0426(1986)003<0693:ROHWFA>2.0.CO;2

D. Sempere-torres, J. Porrà, and J. Et-creutin, A General Formulation for Raindrop Size Distribution, Journal of Applied Meteorology, vol.33, issue.12, pp.1494-1502, 1994.
DOI : 10.1175/1520-0450(1994)033<1494:AGFFRS>2.0.CO;2

D. Seo and J. Et-smith, Radar-based short-term rainfall prediction, Journal of Hydrology, vol.131, issue.1-4, pp.341-367, 1992.
DOI : 10.1016/0022-1694(92)90225-K

M. Shafer, D. Macgorman, and F. Et-carr, Cloud-to-Ground Lightning throughout the Lifetime of a Severe Storm System in Oklahoma, Monthly Weather Review, vol.128, issue.6, pp.1798-1816, 2000.
DOI : 10.1175/1520-0493(2000)128<1798:CTGLTT>2.0.CO;2

S. Siemen and A. Holt, A modified vad technique for analysing wind fields with doppler radar, Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, Part B: Hydrology, Oceans and Atmosphere, vol.25, issue.10-12, pp.1201-1204, 2000.
DOI : 10.1016/S1464-1909(00)00178-7

P. Smith, D. Musil, A. Detwiler, and R. Et-ramachandran, Observations of Mixed-Phase Precipitation within a CaPE Thunderstorm, Journal of Applied Meteorology, vol.38, issue.2, pp.145-155, 1999.
DOI : 10.1175/1520-0450(1999)038<0145:OOMPPW>2.0.CO;2

P. Smolarkiewicz, A fully multidimensional positive definite advection transport algorithm with small implicit diffusion, Journal of Computational Physics, vol.54, issue.2, pp.325-362, 1984.
DOI : 10.1016/0021-9991(84)90121-9

S. Sugimoto, E. Nakakita, and S. Et-ikebuchi, A stochastic approach to short-term rainfall prediction using a physically based conceptual rainfall model, Journal of Hydrology, vol.242, issue.1-2, pp.137-155, 2001.
DOI : 10.1016/S0022-1694(00)00390-5

J. Sun and N. Et-crook, Dynamical and Microphysical Retrieval from Doppler Radar Observations Using a Cloud Model and Its Adjoint. Part I: Model Development and Simulated Data Experiments, Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, vol.54, issue.12, pp.1642-1661, 1997.
DOI : 10.1175/1520-0469(1997)054<1642:DAMRFD>2.0.CO;2

J. Sun and N. Et-crook, Dynamical and Microphysical Retrieval from Doppler Radar Observations Using a Cloud Model and Its Adjoint. Part II: Retrieval Experiments of an Observed Florida Convective Storm, Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, vol.55, issue.5, pp.835-852, 1998.
DOI : 10.1175/1520-0469(1998)055<0835:DAMRFD>2.0.CO;2

W. Szyrmer and I. Et-zawadzki, Modeling of the Melting Layer. Part I: Dynamics and Microphysics, Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, vol.56, issue.20, pp.3573-3591, 1999.
DOI : 10.1175/1520-0469(1999)056<3573:MOTMLP>2.0.CO;2

P. Tabary, G. Scialom, and U. Et-germann, Real-Time Retrieval of the Wind from Aliased Velocities Measured by Doppler Radars, Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, vol.18, issue.6, pp.875-882, 2001.
DOI : 10.1175/1520-0426(2001)018<0875:RTROTW>2.0.CO;2

P. Tabary, G. Scialom, and E. Et-richard, Four-dimensinal structure of mid-latitude orogenic squall line observed with doppler / polarimetric radars during the map experiment, 2002.

J. Testud, E. L. Bouar, E. Obligis, and M. Et-ali-mehenni, The Rain Profiling Algorithm Applied to Polarimetric Weather Radar, Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, vol.17, issue.3, pp.332-356, 2000.
DOI : 10.1175/1520-0426(2000)017<0332:TRPAAT>2.0.CO;2

J. Thielen, B. Boudevillain, and H. Et-andrieu, A radar data based short-term rainfall prediction model for urban areas ??? a simulation using meso-scale meteorological modelling, Journal of Hydrology, vol.239, issue.1-4, pp.97-114, 2000.
DOI : 10.1016/S0022-1694(00)00358-9

J. Thielen and J. Et-creutin, An urban hydrological model with high spatial resolution rainfall from a meteorological model, Journal of Hydrology, vol.200, issue.1-4, pp.58-83, 1997.
DOI : 10.1016/S0022-1694(97)00002-4

R. Uijlenhoet, H. Andrieu, G. Austin, E. Baltas, M. Borga et al., Hydromet integrated radar experiment (hire) : experimental setup and first results, Preprints, 29th Int. Conf. On Radar Meteorology, pp.926-930, 1999.

B. Vignal, H. Andrieu, and J. Et-creutin, Identification of Vertical Profiles of Reflectivity from Volume Scan Radar Data, Journal of Applied Meteorology, vol.38, issue.8, pp.1214-1228, 1999.
DOI : 10.1175/1520-0450(1999)038<1214:IOVPOR>2.0.CO;2

J. Vivekanandan, D. Zrnic, S. Ellis, R. Oye, A. Ryzhkov et al., Cloud Microphysics Retrieval Using S-band Dual-Polarization Radar Measurements, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, vol.80, issue.3, pp.381-388, 1999.
DOI : 10.1175/1520-0477(1999)080<0381:CMRUSB>2.0.CO;2

P. Waldteufel and H. Et-corbin, On the Analysis of Single-Doppler Radar Data, Journal of Applied Meteorology, vol.18, issue.4, pp.532-542, 1979.
DOI : 10.1175/1520-0450(1979)018<0532:OTAOSD>2.0.CO;2

T. Weckwerth, The Effect of Small-Scale Moisture Variability on Thunderstorm Initiation, Preprints of the 29th Conf. on Radar Meteorology, pp.17-20, 1999.
DOI : 10.1175/1520-0493(2000)129<4017:TEOSSM>2.0.CO;2

T. Willis and A. Et-heymsfield, Structure of the Melting Layer in Mesoscale Convective System Stratiform Precipitation, Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, vol.46, issue.13, pp.2008-2025, 1989.
DOI : 10.1175/1520-0469(1989)046<2008:SOTMLI>2.0.CO;2

J. Wilson and C. Et-mueller, Nowcasts of Thunderstorm Initiation and Evolution, Weather and Forecasting, vol.8, issue.1, pp.113-131, 1993.
DOI : 10.1175/1520-0434(1993)008<0113:NOTIAE>2.0.CO;2

E. Yates, Simulation et analyse hydrologique de l'´ episode, 2002.

I. Zawadzki, Factors affecting the precision of radar measurement of rain. 22th conference on radar meteorology, pp.251-256, 1984.

Z. Zeng, S. Yuter, and R. H. Et-jr, Microphysics of the Rapid Development of Heavy Convective Precipitation, Monthly Weather Review, vol.129, issue.8, pp.1882-1904, 2001.
DOI : 10.1175/1520-0493(2001)129<1882:MOTRDO>2.0.CO;2

J. Zhang and T. Et-gal-chen, Single-Doppler Wind Retrieval in the Moving Frame of Reference, Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, vol.53, issue.18, pp.2609-2623, 1996.
DOI : 10.1175/1520-0469(1996)053<2609:SDWRIT>2.0.CO;2

D. Zrnic and A. Et-ryzhkov, Advantages of Rain Measurements Using Specific Differential Phase, Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, vol.13, issue.2, pp.454-464, 1996.
DOI : 10.1175/1520-0426(1996)013<0454:AORMUS>2.0.CO;2