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Mobilité quotidienne, socialisation et ségrégation : une analyse à partir des manières d'habiter des adolescents de Zones Urbaines Sensibles

Abstract : This PHD aims at documenting the spatial mobility practices of teenagers who live in segregated neighbourhoods, so as to promote an understanding of life in such places and to explore potential desegregation effects of increased mobility. This issue is addressed here through the case of the Sensitive Urban Areas (SUA) in the Parisian region, which has come to the forefront of the mass media since the 2005 riots. Do the teenagers of these areas have a specific and homogeneous use of space outside their neighbourhoods? To answer this question, we focused on various materials: statistical studies such as the Parisian metropolitan mobility survey, an ethnographic survey in a local community centre, 90 interviews, as well as thematic work on mobility in seven in-school research projects. In spite of a mobility potential lower than that of other teenagers, these teenagers are not 'under house-arrest' and spend a lot of time outside their districts. However, gender disparities are very important, as girls move much less than boys, particularly in the evening, while the latter experiment personal autonomy at a younger age than the teenagers of other districts, taking public transportation. Beyond these disparities, a closer look at daily mobility reveals seven predominant ways of using space outside one's immediate neighbourhood. These ways, influenced by social and territorial variables, reveal different modes of integration into the city and more broadly into society. The study consequently depicts the heterogeneity of the inhabitants living in SUA.
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https://pastel.archives-ouvertes.fr/pastel-00715300
Contributor : Nicolas Oppenchaim <>
Submitted on : Friday, July 6, 2012 - 4:16:10 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, December 8, 2020 - 10:20:42 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Sunday, October 7, 2012 - 2:36:21 AM

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  • HAL Id : pastel-00715300, version 1

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Nicolas Oppenchaim. Mobilité quotidienne, socialisation et ségrégation : une analyse à partir des manières d'habiter des adolescents de Zones Urbaines Sensibles. Sociologie. Université Paris-Est, 2011. Français. ⟨pastel-00715300v1⟩

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