Innovation et design : contribution de la conception à l'expansion de l'identité des matériaux

Abstract : The design discipline observes and questions the world in all its physical, aesthetic, symbolic and cultural dimensions. In this way, design is of particular interest to industrial engineering discipline for its essential contribution to new innovations. This research links design to innovations in the field of materials. It was conducted as part of the industrial development of a range of objects made of Ultrabéton®, a concrete with innovative performances. The project has made us aware of a lack of identity in the case of materials emerging from the latest technological advances. How should we to fill this lack ? What are the role and consequences of engineering and design for the identity of a material ? We define the identity of a material as everything that characterizes it : both in material and immaterial dimensions, its shape, its appearance, and its 'story', its symbolic and cultural meanings. The phases when material is designed and especially when it is shaped into an object are all identified as design actions able to expand the identity of a material. The post hoc analysis of several design cases selected from various design projects carried out during this research as a complement to the Ultrabéton® case, allows us to validate a model for materials identity expansion when designing objects. This theoretical proposal should help to expand materials identities and to move towards more 'humanized' innovations in the field of materials.
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Lorraine Bergeret. Innovation et design : contribution de la conception à l'expansion de l'identité des matériaux. Autre. Arts et Métiers ParisTech, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011ENAM0024⟩. ⟨pastel-00692112⟩

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