Modélisation de l'activité créative pluridisciplinaire en conception architecturale centrée utilisateur : application à l'habitat d'urgence

Abstract : In the field of new product design (NPD), the human factor is considered a source of creativity. To the combination of novelty and utility, the field NDP structures a methodological process by developing the tools and methods of the integration of user-related information in the early stages of the process. In order to have points of view which will improve the NPD methodologies, our research suggests the architectural design (CA) as a field application. In the architectural design, taking into account the future users is considered an essential task as the field NPD. When integrating the user-related informations in the early stages of the CA process, we found some problems on the intervention of the ergonomist in the early stages and on the communication difficulties between the future users and the architect. The CA requires methods and tools that can promote multidisciplinary creative activity in the early process. We propose a theoretical model of the CA process by the introduction of NPD methodologies that are being developed. It aims to promote architectural design while integrating the various views on the architectural quality vis-à-vis the use. As part of an architectural project, Emergency habitat, we have tested this theoretical model and then made constructive criticism with professional architects. The result of this research is a model of the early stages of the architectural design process that incorporates in a collaborative way the information about the user during the generation and development of the concepts. During the construction of this model, we could bring new knowledge into innovation of NPD methodologies, while providing a new vision of architectural design.
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Submitted on : Saturday, February 19, 2011 - 8:10:49 AM
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Heon Song. Modélisation de l'activité créative pluridisciplinaire en conception architecturale centrée utilisateur : application à l'habitat d'urgence. Autre. Ecole nationale supérieure d'arts et métiers - ENSAM; Arts et Métiers ParisTech, 2010. Français. ⟨NNT : 2010ENAM0042⟩. ⟨pastel-00567238⟩

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