Quelle identité pour les grandes écoles de commerce françaises ?

Abstract : When addressing the subject of business school French (GECF), the alarmist tone comes quickly: "Gallic village" misunderstood abroad, they would, for lack of funds destined to disappear under the pressure of fierce competition business schools that impose Anglo-Saxon world standard MBA. How, though, do not marvel at the tremendous success that are the Paris? This thesis aims to draw on the history of GECF to recognize and examine the elements of their identity and answer the following question: how institutions that have built their identity on a national model, the French Grandes Ecoles (GEF), can they cope with the competition has become global without losing their identity? Originally the "Parisian," we seem to find the ingredients of a successful television series: influence, power, money and social recognition are the engines apparent merchant class became a banker, which is characterized by its pragmatism, its close ties with the consular and his desire to train their offspring to the smooth running of the "House." This social group also wants to raise some vocations for comfortable but unglamorous job in the eyes of the haute bourgeoisie. However, to escape the status of schools' fistici, the GECF turn gradually toward the engineering schools of which they appropriated certain attributes. Also, although originally taking up the cons of the Ecole Polytechnique (EP) and its Schools, whose training was considered too abstract and inadequate to the needs of the economy, look to the GECF State to obtain institutional recognition, imitating the EP and its Corps of state. The GECF fail to acquire their status of Great School until the sixties, when adopting rules of competition that focus on the analytical capabilities of candidates to the image of engineering schools, and endow a permanent faculty members, drive their evolution. In 1995, the passage of "spice" to two years on the model of the "mole" is a testament to the GECF. The study of the history of GECF from the early nineteenth century to the mid-1990s, finally revealing their identity was constructed from a tension between two national sources of legitimacy and inspiration: the economy French (Link to business practice, evidenced by the authority of the Chambers of Commerce) and the French State (Deposit academic recognition and institutional bodies whose state is the most prestigious event). But from the mid-1990s, the competitive field of business schools has become internationalized: the sources of national legitimacy no longer sufficient to ensure the influence of Parisian. In a context of internationalization of the educational landscape, the GECF, if they want to maintain their competitiveness or simply to survive, must overcome a crippling governance consular become obsolete. With freedom of movement to their reactivity, they can better adapt to the effects of globalization of higher education. However, they must keep the mythical character of the French Grandes Ecoles and "rites" associated with it, especially that of selecting preparatory classes. A comparative study of the myths underlying business schools and GECF reveals the depth of their respective national roots and the irreconcilable nature of their identity. Based solely as a "mythology" Anglo-Saxon that is foreign, the GECF might see uproot their "tribes" of graduates. Research, Pedagogy, teacher recruitment, development of new financial resources: the globalization interfere in the heart of the activity of GECF posture that vacillate between the colonized and developing bold. The princely palace they resist the onslaught of the Empire?
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Patrice de Fournas. Quelle identité pour les grandes écoles de commerce françaises ?. Gestion et management. Ecole Polytechnique X, 2007. Français. ⟨pastel-00002949⟩

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