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Approche de la problématique 'sine domo' en Haute-Loire et au Puy-en-Velay du milieu du xixe siècle à nos jours.
Contribution à l'étude du vagabondage

Abstract : Following ethnological feildwork which took place in Le Puy-en-Velay, Haute-Loire, France, from March 1993 to May 1994, the author recounts the everyday life of homeless people and institutions covered under the concept of « sine domo ».
The first part is based on the diachronic axis from mid 19th century. The survey emphasizes some transformations due to structural change in rural life and reveals the closeness between the endemic poverty of the Haute-Loire inhabitants, beggary and vagrancy.
The second part begins with the census of shelters in Haute-Loire nawadays. When recounting the recent story of the institutions through interviews and the crosscheking of records, it has been shown that the distinction bestween the « good » poor and the « bad » poor is still valid despite the current professionalization which is still subject to the morals of the 19 th century charities.
The third part sets out a sociology of the « sine domo » world. The sociological approach opens with a study of workings of the Puy-en-Velay's institutions before exposing the typology of the « sine domo ». The theorical breakdown into five categories (zonard, routard, passager, sédentaire, clochard) is followed by the study of their everyday life on the temporal, spatial, economic, clothinf and hygienic fronts.
To conclude, the author brings together the various theories concerning the concept of the scapegoast so as to culminate in the portrayal of the sacrificial pattern mecanism.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00005814
Contributor : Noël Jouenne <>
Submitted on : Friday, December 29, 2006 - 6:17:38 PM
Last modification on : Monday, December 2, 2019 - 12:00:30 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Friday, November 25, 2016 - 1:43:00 PM

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  • HAL Id : halshs-00005814, version 2

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Noël Jouenne. Approche de la problématique 'sine domo' en Haute-Loire et au Puy-en-Velay du milieu du xixe siècle à nos jours.
Contribution à l'étude du vagabondage. Anthropologie sociale et ethnologie. Université René Descartes - Paris V, 1997. Français. ⟨halshs-00005814v2⟩

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