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La production et valorisation des compétences sur le marché du travail : des approches néo-classiques à l'économie des conventions

Abstract : This research starts from human capital theory to study the production and valorization of competences in the labor market. Using the potentials and constraints of the neo-classical approach, the incorporation of other areas of economic science as well as other social sciences contributions are proposed. We believe that the key notions economics of education - human capital and wages, are necessary but they are inadequate to explain the level of individual competence or his level of remuneration. We propose a coherent integration of the theoretical and methodological tools of economics of education as well as of the economics of conventions and economics of human resources. And it includes sociology, ergonomics and human resources management contributions. The interdisciplinary approach taken is the result of the subject chosen.We start by evaluating the role of education in the production of competences. However the concept of competence also involves the clarification of the role of the organizations in the competence production process. The (re)examination of the training-employment relationship is therefore proposed and we try to highlight the interaction and/or complementary between the education system and enterprises in the production of competences.The analysis of valorization of competences and its barriers is made to identify the competences-based pay lengthen. It's useful then to analyze wage policies and the traditional phenomena of the labor market - gender wage and professional discrimination.The study enables us to identify some of the main constraints face by the competence model and start the debate on the advantages and disadvantages of this model.
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Submitted on : Thursday, November 3, 2005 - 3:58:45 PM
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Fatima Suleman. La production et valorisation des compétences sur le marché du travail : des approches néo-classiques à l'économie des conventions. Economies et finances. Instituto superior de ciencias do trabalho e da empresa, 2003. Français. ⟨halshs-00005199⟩



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