Abstract : A City and its Planners: The Rebuilding of Beirut
This dissertation stands at the crossing point of two thematics: the study of reconstructions after wars and planning history in the arabic countries. It attempts to link the contemporary changes in planning to the physical, social and political turmoil Lebanon experienced during the war years (1975-1990). It meanwhile outlines the continuities in urban policies from the pre-war time. Planners and other professionnals of the city play here a key-role. Far from being simple executants for external decision makers, they appear to be involved in policy-making.
The first part deals with the post-wars transformations and projects, particularly the city-center which has araised many debates. The second part provides new materials on the history of planning in Lebanon, particularly during the time of President Fouad Chehab when the norms ruling Lebanese planning were set up. The last part studies how these norms were altered during the war.