Large scale geometry and isometric affine actions on Banach spaces

Abstract : In the first chapter, we define the notion of spaces with labelled partitions which generalizes the structure of spaces with measured walls : it provides a geometric setting to study isometric affine actions on Banach spaces of second countable locally compact groups. First, we characterise isometric affine actions on Banach spaces in terms of proper actions by automorphisms on spaces with labelled partitions. Then, we focus on natural structures of labelled partitions for actions of some group constructions : direct sum ; semi-direct product ; wreath product and free product. We establish stability results for property PLp by these constructions. Especially, we generalize a result of Cornulier, Stalder and Valette in the following way : the wreath product of a group having property PLp by a Haagerup group has property PLp. In the second chapter, we focus on the notion of quasi-median metric spaces - a generalization of both Gromov hyperbolic spaces and median spaces - and its properties. After the study of some examples, we show that a δ-median space is δ′-median for all δ′ ≥ δ. This result gives us a way to establish the stability of the quasi-median property by direct product and by free product of metric spaces - notion that we develop at the same time. The third chapter is devoted to the definition and the study of an explicit proper, left-invariant metric which generates the topology on locally compact, compactly generated groups. Having showed these properties, we prove that this metric is quasi-isometric to the word metric and that the volume growth of the balls is exponentially controlled.
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Sylvain Arnt. Large scale geometry and isometric affine actions on Banach spaces. General Mathematics [math.GM]. Université d'Orléans, 2014. English. ⟨NNT : 2014ORLE2021⟩. ⟨tel-01088009⟩

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