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Temporal Patterns and Intra- and Inter-Cellular Variability in Carbon and Nitrogen Assimilation by the Unicellular Cyanobacterium Cyanothece sp. ATCC 51142

Abstract : Unicellular nitrogen fixing cyanobacteria (UCYN) are abundant members of phytoplankton communities in a wide range of marine environments, including those with rapidly changing nitrogen (N) concentrations. We hypothesized that differences in N availability (N 2 vs. combined N) would cause UCYN to shift strategies of intracellular N and C allocation. We used transmission electron microscopy and nanoscale secondary ion mass spectrometry imaging to track assimilation and intracellular allocation of 13 C-labeled CO 2 and 15 N-labeled N 2 or NO 3 at different periods across a diel cycle in Cyanothece sp. ATCC 51142. We present new ideas on interpreting these imaging data, including the influences of pre-incubation cellular C and N contents and turnover rates of inclusion bodies. Within cultures growing diazotrophically, distinct subpopulations were detected that fixed N 2 at night or in the morning. Additional significant within-population heterogeneity was likely caused by differences in the relative amounts of N assimilated into cyanophycin from sources external and internal to the cells. Whether growing on N 2 or NO 3 , cells prioritized cyanophycin synthesis when N assimilation rates were highest. N assimilation in cells growing on NO 3 switched from cyanophycin synthesis to protein synthesis, suggesting that once a cyanophycin quota is met, it is bypassed in favor of protein synthesis. Growth on NO 3 also revealed that at night, there is a very low level of CO 2 assimilation into polysaccharides simultaneous with their catabolism for protein synthesis. This study revealed multiple, detailed mechanisms underlying C and N management in Cyanothece that facilitate its success in dynamic aquatic environments.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03430709
Contributor : Sophie Rabouille Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Tuesday, November 23, 2021 - 11:11:08 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, July 7, 2022 - 3:15:27 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Thursday, February 24, 2022 - 7:29:35 PM

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Lubos Polerecky, Takako Masuda, Meri Eichner, Sophie Rabouille, Marie Vancová, et al.. Temporal Patterns and Intra- and Inter-Cellular Variability in Carbon and Nitrogen Assimilation by the Unicellular Cyanobacterium Cyanothece sp. ATCC 51142. Frontiers in Microbiology, Frontiers Media, 2021, 12, ⟨10.3389/fmicb.2021.620915⟩. ⟨hal-03430709⟩

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