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Direct Measurement of the Elastohydrodynamic Lift Force at the Nanoscale

Abstract : We present the first direct measurement of the elastohydrodynamic lift force acting on a sphere moving within a viscous liquid, near and along a soft substrate under nanometric confinement. Using atomic force microscopy, the lift force is probed as a function of the gap size, for various driving velocities, viscosities, and stiffnesses. The force increases as the gap is reduced and shows a saturation at small gap. The results are in excellent agreement with scaling arguments and a quantitative model developed from the soft lubrication theory, in linear elasticity, and for small compliances. For larger compliances, or equivalently for smaller confinement length scales, an empirical scaling law for the observed saturation of the lift force is given and discussed.
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Contributor : Thomas Salez <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, October 23, 2019 - 10:58:39 AM
Last modification on : Monday, February 3, 2020 - 9:19:42 AM
Document(s) archivé(s) le : Friday, January 24, 2020 - 3:56:56 PM


  • HAL Id : hal-02168662, version 2
  • ARXIV : 1907.05849



Zaicheng Zhang, Vincent Bertin, Muhammad Arshad, Elie Raphael, Thomas Salez, et al.. Direct Measurement of the Elastohydrodynamic Lift Force at the Nanoscale. Physical Review Letters, American Physical Society, 2020, 124, pp.054502. ⟨hal-02168662v2⟩



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