Etude multimodale et sémiotique des capacités narratives enfantines à l'oral et à l'écrit

Abstract : This study explores narrative capacities in oral and written production, among children aged 9 to11 years, schooled in 4th and 5th year of primary school. We know that these abilities, in children as in adults, are composed of two skills, one linguistics and the other nonlinguistic (co-speech gesture; punctuation in writing). The aim of this work is to study the paralinguistic features.In order to achieve this task, we compared the content of the information obtained from children's oral and written narratives. First, every child's language abilities were assessed using the Evaluation du Langage Oral test. Then, after watching a short cartoon presenting a mini-story, each child produced both an oral and a written narrative account of the story. We thus collected an audiovisual and heuristic corpus of 46 children. The two oral and written sets of narratives were transcribed and annotated on the following dimensions: syntax, narrative content, co-speech gesture and written text punctuation, using the ELAN software.Multimodal and semiotic analyses of pragmatic and discursive aspects of our data showed that some oral gestures and some writing punctuation participate, as well as linguistic components, in the expressiveness, framing and discursive structuring. These findings endorse previous knowledge in this field of research. They also showed that the higher the linguistic level of the children, the better the performance narrative, and closer are its achievements oral and written. Inversely, the better the performance narrative of the children and paralinguistic resources specialize in their own modality (gesture / punctuation) to improve the performance of the children.Our study refreshes our knowledge of child language and opens interesting perspectives. As for later language development, the discursive ability begins to settle at this age and is linked to children linguistic abilities. From an educational point of view, it appears that the ability to produce organized language in speech, although is a general capacity, specializing greatly depending on the modality in which it is updated. This finding has practical implications for the teaching of writing and educational activities related to it.
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Djaber Fantazi. Etude multimodale et sémiotique des capacités narratives enfantines à l'oral et à l'écrit. Linguistique. Université de Grenoble, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013GRENL021⟩. ⟨tel-01677879⟩

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