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Liaison, segmentation lexicale et schémas syntaxiques entre 2 et 6 ans - Un modèle développemental basé sur l'usage

Abstract : This thesis focuses on the acquisition of liaison by french children aged between 2 and 6. Through cognitive functional approaches, more specifically on usage-based models and construction grammars, our analyses highlight how linguistic levels (phonological, lexical, syntactic) interact during the development. From 8 corpora studies as well as a measurement of errors in liaison contexts, taken from a child's utterances, we elaborated 6 experimental study protocols, in particular, a four-year longitudinal follow up of 20 children, as well as 2 cross-studies with larger samples (122 and 200 subjects). We suggest a 3 stage developmental model integrating liaison phenomenon, lexical segmentation and constructional schemas emergence. Precociously, the child would retrieve concrete linguistic sequences in her linguistic environment. She would then memorise these sequences and store them in her lexicon in same form as that one heard. For example, she could memorise sequences like "des ânes" (donkeys), "l'âne" (with determiners), "zâne", "nâne" (with consonant liaison on the initial). These concret sequences constitute the base from which more abstract schemas emerge progressively. The first are general, integrating a determiner (the pivot) and a slot which can receive any lexical forms. They are like un (a/an) + X and they explain early frequent substitution errors (like "un zâne"). Gradually, these schemas become more specific, integrating the phonetic nature of the liaison consonant: un + nX. Their application explains progress in liaison contexts and overgeneralization errors on words starting with a consonant (like "un nèbre" instead of "un zèbre" (zebra)).
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Submitted on : Thursday, February 11, 2016 - 4:09:09 PM
Last modification on : Friday, February 19, 2021 - 2:46:05 PM
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Céline Dugua. Liaison, segmentation lexicale et schémas syntaxiques entre 2 et 6 ans - Un modèle développemental basé sur l'usage. Linguistique. Université Stendhal, 2006. Français. ⟨tel-01272976⟩

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