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Transcriptome architecture and regulation at environmental transitions in flavobacteria: the case of an important fish pathogen

Abstract : The family Flavobacteriaceae (phylum Bacteroidetes ) is a major component of soil, marine and freshwater ecosystems. In this understudied family, Flavobacterium psychrophilum is a freshwater pathogen that infects salmonid fish worldwide, with critical environmental and economic impact. Here, we report an extensive transcriptome analysis that established the genome map of transcription start sites and transcribed regions, predicted alternative sigma factor regulons and regulatory RNAs, and documented gene expression profiles across 32 biological conditions mimicking the pathogen life cycle. The results link genes to environmental conditions and phenotypic traits and provide insights into gene regulation, highlighting similarities with better known bacteria and original characteristics linked to the phylogenetic position and the ecological niche of the bacterium. In particular, osmolarity appears as a signal for transition between free-living and within-host programs and expression patterns of secreted proteins shed light on probable virulence factors. Further investigations showed that a newly discovered sRNA widely conserved in the genus, Rfp18, is required for precise expression of proteases. By pointing proteins and regulatory elements probably involved in host–pathogen interactions, metabolic pathways, and molecular machineries, the results suggest many directions for future research; a website is made available to facilitate their use to fill knowledge gaps on flavobacteria.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03356343
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Submitted on : Tuesday, September 28, 2021 - 10:29:23 AM
Last modification on : Friday, December 3, 2021 - 11:43:35 AM

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Distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

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Cyprien Guérin, Bo-Hyung Lee, Benjamin Fradet, Erwin van Dijk, Bogdan Mirauta, et al.. Transcriptome architecture and regulation at environmental transitions in flavobacteria: the case of an important fish pathogen. ISME Communications, 2021, 1 (1), ⟨10.1038/s43705-021-00029-9⟩. ⟨hal-03356343⟩

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