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Déterminants et mesure des revenus agricoles de la méthanisation et positionnement des agriculteurs dans la chaîne de valeur « biomasse-énergie » : Metha'Revenus

Abstract : With more than 700 biogas plants, the "biomass-energy" industry has been structured in France over the last ten years with the support of public policies, based on a variety of economic models for biogas plants. 53 semi-structured interviews with farmers in the Grand Est, Ile-de-France and New Aquitaine regions and 40 interviews with institutional stakeholders have been led, that allowed to identifiy four income strategies implemented by farmers that are all economic models of biogas production. This result makes it possible to investigate the future of the on-farm biogas plants in the context of the ongoing reconfiguration of the industry and in particular the emergence of industrial biogas plants. On the strength of a prospective analysis, the report highlights the risk of an homogenisation of on-farm biogas plants, which increasing in power-size could eventually lead to a switch of the industry to an industrial (non-agricultural) model in which farmers would be simple suppliers of substrates to be methanised.
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https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-02886217
Contributor : Pascal Grouiez <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, July 1, 2020 - 12:54:05 PM
Last modification on : Monday, August 3, 2020 - 9:05:34 AM

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  • HAL Id : halshs-02886217, version 1

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Pascal Grouiez, Alexandre Berthe, Mathilde Fautras, Sabina Issehnane. Déterminants et mesure des revenus agricoles de la méthanisation et positionnement des agriculteurs dans la chaîne de valeur « biomasse-énergie » : Metha'Revenus. [Rapport de recherche] Ministère de l'Agriculture et de l'Alimentation. 2020, pp.84. ⟨halshs-02886217⟩

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