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Relations de possession et énoncés non verbaux dans le dialecte de Benghazi (Libye)

Abstract : This thesis contributes to the study of the relations of possession and of verbless phrases in the Arabic dialect of Benghazi, Libya, based on the analysis of an oral corpus gathered from speakers in Benghazi. The thesis takes a typological approach to the study of possession while also drawing on studies of individual Arabic dialects, looking in particular at the so-called periphrastic constructions of possession which have possessive or relational meaning. Possessive constructions in this work are divided into three categories under the syntactic-semantic constraints of word order and determination: genitive constructions, or construct state; predicative possession, i.e. “to have”; and dative possession, i.e. “to be to (someone)”. For genitive possession, the investigation shows that both synthetic and analytic constructions are in use in the Benghazi dialect but do not express identical notions of possession, and use of one or the other construction depends on formal, narrative, and pragmatic factors. Moreover, the analytic construction using the relator mtāʕ is shown to have an important role in the dialect’s grammar. The verbless phrases examined in the thesis include the pseudo-verbs ʕind, fī, bī and mʕa for predicative possession and the particles lī and ʃōr for dative possession. The study of such phrases indicates an affinity between locative, existential, and possessive constructions and demonstrates the evolution of the particular forms employed in such phrases.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, November 9, 2021 - 5:15:10 PM
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Aisha Saad. Relations de possession et énoncés non verbaux dans le dialecte de Benghazi (Libye). Linguistique. Université de la Sorbonne nouvelle - Paris III, 2020. Français. ⟨NNT : 2020PA030030⟩. ⟨tel-03422376⟩



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