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Harnessing the Anti-Nociceptive Potential of NK2 and NK3 Ligands in the Design of New Multifunctional mu/delta-Opioid Agonist-Neurokinin Antagonist Peptidomimetics

Abstract : Opioid agonists are well-established analgesics, widely prescribed for acute but also chronic pain. However, their efficiency comes with the price of drastically impacting side effects that are inherently linked to their prolonged use. To answer these liabilities, designed multiple ligands (DMLs) offer a promising strategy by co-targeting opioid and non-opioid signaling pathways involved in nociception. Despite being intimately linked to the Substance P (SP)/neurokinin 1 (NK1) system, which is broadly examined for pain treatment, the neurokinin receptors NK2 and NK3 have so far been neglected in such DMLs. Herein, a series of newly designed opioid agonist-NK2 or -NK3 antagonists is reported. A selection of reported peptidic, pseudo-peptidic, and non-peptide neurokinin NK2 and NK3 ligands were covalently linked to the peptidic mu-opioid selective pharmacophore Dmt-DALDA (H-Dmt-d-Arg-Phe-Lys-NH2) and the dual mu/delta opioid agonist H-Dmt-d-Arg-Aba-beta Ala-NH2 (KGOP01). Opioid binding assays unequivocally demonstrated that only hybrids SBL-OPNK-5, SBL-OPNK-7 and SBL-OPNK-9, bearing the KGOP01 scaffold, conserved nanomolar range mu-opioid receptor (MOR) affinity, and slightly reduced affinity for the delta-opioid receptor (DOR). Moreover, NK binding experiments proved that compounds SBL-OPNK-5, SBL-OPNK-7, and SBL-OPNK-9 exhibited (sub)nanomolar binding affinity for NK2 and NK3, opening promising opportunities for the design of next-generation opioid hybrids.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03367748
Contributor : Laurent Jonchère Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Wednesday, October 6, 2021 - 1:32:06 PM
Last modification on : Friday, October 8, 2021 - 3:11:17 AM

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Charlene Gadais, Justyna Piekielna-Ciesielska, Jolien de Neve, Charlotte Martin, Anna Janecka, et al.. Harnessing the Anti-Nociceptive Potential of NK2 and NK3 Ligands in the Design of New Multifunctional mu/delta-Opioid Agonist-Neurokinin Antagonist Peptidomimetics. Molecules, 2021, 26 (17), pp.5406. ⟨10.3390/molecules26175406⟩. ⟨hal-03367748⟩

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