On the minimal number of periodic Reeb orbits on a contact manifold

Abstract : This thesis deals with the question of the minimal number of distinct periodic Reeb orbits on a contact manifold which is the boundary of a compact symplectic manifold.The positive S1-equivariant symplectic homology is one of the main tools considered in this thesis. It is built from periodic orbits of Hamiltonian vector fields in a symplectic manifold whose boundary is the given contact manifold.Our first result describes the relation between the symplectic homologies of an exact compact symplectic manifold with contact type boundary (also called Liouville domain), and the periodic Reeb orbits on the boundary. We then prove some properties of these homologies. For a Liouville domain embedded into another one, we construct a morphism between their homologies. We study the invariance of the homologies with respect to the choice of the contact form on the boundary.We use the positive S1-equivariant symplectic homology to give a new proof of a Theorem by Ekeland and Lasry about the minimal number of distinct periodic Reeb orbits on some hypersurfaces in R2n. We indicate how it extends to some hypersurfaces in some negative line bundles. We also give a characterisation and a new way to compute the generalized Conley-Zehnder index defined by Robbin and Salamon for any path of symplectic matrices. A tool for this is a new analysis of normal forms for symplectic matrices.
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Jean Gutt. On the minimal number of periodic Reeb orbits on a contact manifold. General Mathematics [math.GM]. Université de Strasbourg, 2014. English. ⟨NNT : 2014STRAD018⟩. ⟨tel-01016954v2⟩

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