236 articles – 18 references  [version française]
Detailed view Article in peer-reviewed journal
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 105, 44 (2008) 16900-5
Crystal structure of poxvirus thymidylate kinase: an unexpected dimerization has implications for antiviral therapy.
Christophe Caillat1, Dimitri Topalis2, Luigi A. Agrofoglio3, Sylvie Pochet4, Jan Balzarini5, Dominique Deville-Bonne2, Philippe Meyer1

Unlike most DNA viruses, poxviruses replicate in the cytoplasm of host cells. They encode enzymes needed for genome replication and transcription, including their own thymidine and thymidylate kinases. Some herpes viruses encode only 1 enzyme catalyzing both reactions, a peculiarity used for prodrug activation to obtain maximum specificity. We have solved the crystal structures of vaccinia virus thymidylate kinase bound to TDP or brivudin monophosphate. Although the viral and human enzymes have similar sequences (42% identity), they differ in their homodimeric association and active-site geometry. The vaccinia TMP kinase dimer arrangement is orthogonal and not antiparallel as in human enzyme. This different monomer orientation is related to the presence of a canal connecting the edge of the dimer interface to the TMP base binding pocket. Consequently, the pox enzyme accommodates nucleotides with bulkier bases, like brivudin monophosphate and dGMP; these are efficiently phosphorylated and stabilize the enzyme. The brivudin monophosphate-bound structure explains the structural basis for this specificity, opening the way to the rational development of specific antipox agents that may also be suitable for poxvirus TMP kinase gene-based chemotherapy of cancer.
1:  LEBS - Laboratoire d'Enzymologie et Biochimie Structurales
2:  Laboratoire d'Enzymologie Moléculaire
3:  ICOA - Institut de Chimie Organique et Analytique
4:  UCO - Chimie Organique
5:  Rega Institute for Medical Research