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On the Teichmüller geodesic generated by the L-shaped translation surface tiled by three squares
Olivier Rodriguez1

We study the one parameter family of genus 2 Riemann surfaces defined by the orbit of the L-shaped translation surface tiled by three squares under the Teichmüller geodesic flow. These surfaces are real algebraic curves with three real components. We are interested in describing these surfaces by their period matrices. We show that the only Riemann surface in that family admitting a non-hyperelliptic automorphism comes from the 3-square-tiled translation surface itself. This makes the computation of an exact expression for period matrices of other Riemann surfaces in that family by the classical method impossible. We nevertheless give the solution to the Schottky problem for that family: we exhibit explicit necessary and sufficient conditions for a Riemann matrix to be a period matrix of a Riemann surface in the family, involving the vanishing of a genus 3 theta characteristic on a family of double covers.
1 :  I3M - Institut de Mathématiques et de Modélisation de Montpellier
Géométrie, Topologie, Algèbre
Riemann surface – algebraic curve – translation surface – period matrix – Teichmüller geodesic – theta characteristic