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Brownian motion and Harmonic functions on Sol(p,q)
Sara Brofferio1, Maura Salvatori2, Wolfgang Woess3

The Lie group Sol(p,q) is the semidirect product induced by the action of the real numbers R on the plane R^2 which is given by (x,y) --> (exp{p z} x, exp{-q z} y), where z is in R. Viewing Sol(p,q) as a 3-dimensional manifold, it carries a natural Riemannian metric and Laplace-Beltrami operator. We add a linear drift term in the z-variable to the latter, and study the associated Brownian motion with drift. We derive a central limit theorem and compute the rate of escape. Also, we introduce the natural geometric compactification of Sol(p,q) and explain how Brownian motion converges almost surely to the boundary in the resulting topology. We also study all positive harmonic functions for the Laplacian with drift, and determine explicitly all minimal harmonic functions. All this is carried out with a strong emphasis on understanding and using the geometric features of Sol(p,q), and in particular the fact that it can be described as the horocyclic product of two hyperbolic planes with curvatures -p^2 and -q^2, respectively.
1 :  LM-Orsay - Laboratoire de Mathématiques d'Orsay
2 :  Dipartimento de Matematica [Milano]
3 :  TU Graz - Institut für Mathematische Strukturtheorie (Math C)
Sol-group – hyperbolic plane – horocyclic product – Laplacian – Brownian motion – central limit theorem – rate of escape – boundary – positive harmonic functions