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Université Paris Sud - Paris XI (17/12/2003), Arvieux J. (Dir.)
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Contribution à l'expérience G(^O) de violation de la parité : calcul et simulation des corrections radiatives et étude du bruit de fond
Hayg Guler1

1 :  IPNO - Institut de Physique Nucléaire d'Orsay
JLAB t20

In the framework of quantum chromodynamics, the nucléon is made of three valence quarks surrpounded by a sea of gluons and quark-antiquark pairs. Only the only lightest quarks (u,d,and s) contribute significantly to the nucléon properties. In G(^O) we using the property of weak interaction to violate parity symmetry, in order to determine separately the contributions of the three types of quarks to nucleon form factors.The experiment, which takes place at Thomas Jefferson Laboratory (USA) aims at measuring parity violation asymmetry in electron-proton scattering. By doing several measurements at different momentum squared of the exchanged photons and for different kinematics will permit to determine separatelystrange quarks electric and magnetic contributions to nucleon form factors. To extract an asymmetry with small errors it is necessary to correct all the beam parameters and to have high enough counting rates in detectors. A special electronics was developed to treat information coming ffrom 16 scintillator pairs for each of the 8 sectors of the G(^O) spectrometer.A complete calculation of radiative corrections has been done and Monte Carlo simulations with the GEANT program has permitted to determine the shape of the experimental spectra including inelastic background. This work will allow to do a comparison between experimental data and theoretical calculations based on the standard model.

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